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U.K.C. Breed Standard for the Anatolian Shepherd

Official United Kennel Club Breed Standard

History

   The Anatolian Shepherd is a shepherd's guard dog of ancient lineage; probably descended from the large hunting dogs existing in Mesopotamia. The breed has evolved over the ages to suit a specific set of circumstances. Of these, the most formative are the climate (hot and very dry summers; very cold winters), the people's lifestyles (from settled to semi- and wholly nomadic), and the work assigned to the dogs. They guard flocks traveling great distances on the Central Anatolian Plateau, staying out through all weather conditions. 
   The Anatolian Shepherd was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1993.

General Appearance

   The Anatolian Shepherd is a large, upstanding, powerfully built livestock guarding dog that is capable of great speed. The head is broad and strong, and the double coat is dense in cooler climates. Size and stamina are imperative. 
   A sound, structurally correct dog demonstrating efficiency of movement always takes precedence. 
   Serious faults: Low to the ground. Heavy and slow. Too massive. Too light in build, whippety.

Characteristics

   The Anatolian Shepherd is an active, hard-working breed thats original function was a flock- guarding dog for sheep. It is capable of enduring extremes of heat and cold.
   They are always steady and bold, without aggression. The breed is naturally independent, very intelligent and tractable. In manner, they are proud and confident, although reserved and unenthusiastic about show ring exhibition. They are loyal and affectionate to their owners, but are wary of strangers when mature. 

Head & Skull

   The large skull is in proportion to the body. It is broad between the ears and slightly domed; mature males have a broader head than females. The stop is slight.
   The foreface (muzzle) is always slightly shorter than the skull. When seen from above, it is almost rectangular. Its profile is blunt, tapering very slightly to the end.
   The black-edged lips are very slightly pendulous. The lip corners are tight. The edge of the upper lip is not lower than the profile of the underjaw. 
   Serious fault: flat skull.

TEETH
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a perfect scissors bite, with the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaw.
EYES
The eyes are rather small in proportion to the size of the skull. They are set well apart and deep set, showing no haw. They are golden to brown in color, according to coat color. Eye rims are black, except in liver-colored dogs, where it is brown.
NOSE
The nose is black, except in liver-colored dogs, where it is brown.
EARS
The medium size ears are triangular in shape and rounded at the tips. They are dropped (pendant) in type, with the front edge held close to the cheek. They are held higher when the dog is alert. Dogs imported from Turkey often have ears almost completely removed by cropping.

Neck

   The muscular, powerful neck is rather thick. It is slightly arched and moderate in length. There is a slight dewlap. 

Forequarters

   The sloping (oblique) shoulders are well-muscled.

FORELEGS
The straight, well-boned forelegs are of good length and set well apart. The free- moving elbows are close to the sides. The strong pasterns slope slightly when viewed from the side.

Body

   The well-muscled, powerful body is never fat. The backline (from the withers to the set-on of the tail), is relatively level, with a slight arch over the loin. It is rather short in proportion to leg length. The croup is of moderate length and slope. The chest is deep, descending to the point of the elbow. The rib cage is sufficiently long. The ribs are well-sprung. The belly is well-tucked-up.

Hindquarters

   The hindquarters are powerful, but are not overloaded with muscles.

HIND LEGS
Viewed from the rear, the hind legs are vertical. The upper and lower thighs are long.

Feet

   The strong feet have thick pads and well arched toes. The nails are short.

Tail

   The tail is set on rather high. It is long, reaching the hock. When the dog is relaxed, it is carried low with a slight curl. When the dog is on alert, it is carried high and over the back, especially in males. 

Coat

   The breed is double-coated. The outer coat is short or half-long and dense. The undercoat is thick. The coat is longer and thicker at the neck, shoulders and thighs. It tends to be longer in winter. There are great variations in length, influenced by climate. However, a very short, smooth coat and/or one that is totally devoid of undercoat is a disqualification. 
   Serious fault: Coat too long and hanging.

Color

   All colors are acceptable. 

Height & Weight

   Ideal height and weight ranges apply to mature dogs.  

Height range: measured at the top of the shoulder (withers):
males, 29 to 32 inches;
bitches, 27.5 to 31 inches.  
Weight range:
males, 110 to 143 pounds (50 to 65 kg);
bitches, 88 to 120 pounds (40 to 55 kg).

Gait

   At a walk the topline (from the point where the neck joins the head to the set-on of the tail), is noticeably level; movement is even, supple and long-reaching, with great power - giving the impression of stalking. Pacing is acceptable at slow speed.  
   Serious faults: Mincing gait. Hackney action. Stiffness.

Disqualifications

   Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Extreme viciousness or shyness. a too short muzzle; one-third or less of the total length of the head. a very short, smooth coat. a coat totally devoid of undercoat. Overshot bite. Undershot bite. A dog incapable of guarding livestock

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